Archive for the 'Visa Bulletins' Category

December 2014 Visa Bulletin Out!

The December 2014 Visa Bulletin was out today.  Our usual commentary to follow soon. Stay tuned!

Visa Guru Charlie Oppenheim Agrees There Are Unused Visas

As many of my readers will know, over the summer there was much discussion about whether there were unused visas and whethey they could be recaptured.  Various newspapers had reported about 200,000 visas remain unused. The recaputuring of those visas would reduce the severe visa backlog.  Here is my article: Unused Visas- To Recapture or Not to Recapture, That Is The Question”

As a result, through AILA, I asked Charlie Oppenheim to confirm whether there were indeed unused visas.  Here is what he said (see below): Copied from AILA.  I want to extend a huge thank you to Mr. Oppenheim on behalf of myself and my readers for taking the time to read my questions, and to AILA for taking my questions to him.

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Member Question Regarding Unused Visa Numbers
An AILA member posed a series of questions following news reports of an estimated 200,000 unused visas which could be recaptured through administrative action.

Charlie agrees that there are approximately 220,000 family and employment-based visas that have gone unused, most of which can be attributed to the period between 1992 and 1997. Prior to the “dot com bubble,” demand was usually insufficient to use all of the available employment-based visa numbers in any given fiscal year. Since then, the increase in demand for labor in the IT sector and improved interagency processes have contributed to greater use of employment-based visa numbers in the fiscal year for which they were allocated. In the past, such unused numbers have only been recaptured through legislative action.

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Now that we have confirmation that there are 220,000 visas to recapture, what can be done about it? Would legislation be necessary to recapture? The law does not specifically discuss roll-overs in these categories (see my chart in the previous article).  I would ask the Administration to look at reinterpreting the law.  The law already allows for the recapturing of unused visas.  Recapturing those would significantly reduce the visa backlog which would in turn help American businesses hire skilled-immigrants as well as would-be entrepreneurs who are otherwise stuck ‘in the line’ preventing them from starting their own companies and creating jobs.

**Copyright 2014 by Watson Immigration Law. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

November 2014 Visa Bulletin Commentary

The November 2014 visa bulletin was released today. Here is what my readers are looking for:

For all countries except India, China, Philippines, and Mexico:  F2A category advances 29 days taking the priority date to 1 March 2013; F2B preference advances 62 days with PD at 1 January 2008;  F4 category advances 18 days taking PD to 8 February 2002;  EB2 is current and, and EB3 advances a huge 8 months (245 days) to PD at 1 June 2012.

For India only: F2A category advances 29 days taking the priority date to 1 March 2013; F2B preference advances 62 days with PD at 1  January 2008 ;  F4 category advances 18 days taking PD to 8 February 2002;  EB2 India sees great retrogression of 4 years, 2 months and 17 days, moving  PD at 15 February 2005 and EB3 sees 7 days advancement taking priority date to 22 November 2003.

I am sorry for those who see their priorities dates retrogress.  However, those who can file the adjustment applications should start preparing and aim to file on the 1st of the month.  Good luck.

We will report on the December 2014 visa bulletin when it is released.

Notes from the visa bulletin.

D.  INDIA EMPLOYMENT SECOND PREFERENCE

Increased demand in the INDIA Employment-based Second preference category has required the retrogression of this cut-off date to hold number use within the fiscal year 2015 annual limit.

E.  VISA AVAILABILITY IN THE COMING MONTHS

FAMILY-sponsored categories (potential monthly movement)

Worldwide dates:

F1:   Two to three weeks
F2A: Three to five weeks
F2B: Six to eight weeks
F3:   One to three weeks
F4:   Two or four weeks

EMPLOYMENT-based categories (potential monthly movement)

Employment First: Current

Employment Second:

Worldwide: Current
China:        Three to five weeks
India:         No forward movement

Employment Third:

Worldwide: Continued rapid forward movement for the next several months. After such rapid advance of the cut-off date applicant demand for number use, particularly for adjustment of status cases, is expected to increase significantly. Once such demand begins to materialize at a greater rate it will impact this cut-off date situation.

China:       Rapid forward movement. Such movement is likely to result in increased demand which may require “corrective” action possibly as early as February.

India:        Little if any movement
Mexico:      Will remain at the worldwide date
Philippines: Will remain at the worldwide date. Increased demand may require “corrective” action at some point later in the fiscal year.

Employment Fourth: Current

Employment Fifth: Current
The above projections for the Family and Employment categories indicate what is likely to happen during each of the next three months based on current applicant demand patterns. Readers should never assume that recent trends in cut-off date movements are guaranteed for the future, or that “corrective” action will not be required at some point in an effort to maintain number use within the applicable annual limits. The determination of the actual monthly cut-off dates is subject to fluctuations in applicant demand and a number of other variables.

November 2014 Visa Bulletin is Out!

The November 2014 Visa Bulletin was released today.  Here is a link. Usual commentary to follow shortly.

Important notes from the visa bulletin copied below:

D.  INDIA EMPLOYMENT SECOND PREFERENCE

Increased demand in the INDIA Employment-based Second preference category has required the retrogression of this cut-off date to hold number use within the fiscal year 2015 annual limit.

E.  VISA AVAILABILITY IN THE COMING MONTHS

FAMILY-sponsored categories (potential monthly movement)

Worldwide dates:

F1:   Two to three weeks
F2A: Three to five weeks
F2B: Six to eight weeks
F3:   One to three weeks
F4:   Two or four weeks

EMPLOYMENT-based categories (potential monthly movement)

Employment First: Current

Employment Second:

Worldwide: Current
China:        Three to five weeks
India:         No forward movement

Employment Third:

Worldwide: Continued rapid forward movement for the next several months. After such rapid advance of the cut-off date applicant demand for number use, particularly for adjustment of status cases, is expected to increase significantly. Once such demand begins to materialize at a greater rate it will impact this cut-off date situation.

China:       Rapid forward movement. Such movement is likely to result in increased demand which may require “corrective” action possibly as early as February.

India:        Little if any movement
Mexico:      Will remain at the worldwide date
Philippines: Will remain at the worldwide date. Increased demand may require “corrective” action at some point later in the fiscal year.

Employment Fourth: Current

Employment Fifth: Current
The above projections for the Family and Employment categories indicate what is likely to happen during each of the next three months based on current applicant demand patterns. Readers should never assume that recent trends in cut-off date movements are guaranteed for the future, or that “corrective” action will not be required at some point in an effort to maintain number use within the applicable annual limits. The determination of the actual monthly cut-off dates is subject to fluctuations in applicant demand and a number of other variables.

October 2014 Visa Bulletin Commentary

The October 2014 visa bulletin was released today. Here is what my readers are looking for:

For all countries except India, China, Philippines, and Mexico:  F2A category advances a month taking the priority date to 1 February 2013; F2B preference advances 2 months with PD at 1 November 2007;  F4 category advances 21 days taking PD to 22 January 2002;  EB2 is current and, and EB3 advances a huge 6 months to PD at 1 October 2011.

For India only: F2A category advances a month taking the priority date to 1 February 2013; F2B preference advances 2 months with PD at 1 November 2007;  F4 category advances 21 days taking PD to 22 January 2002;  EB2 India sees no movement leaving PD at 1 May 2009 and EB3 sees 7 days advancement taking priority date to 15 November 2003.

EB5 Note: There was much discussion in news reports about the unavailability of EB5 visas for citizens of China.  The October 2014 visa bulletin shows visas are now current and there should not be any waiting time.  The visa bulletin does not mention any warning issues for visa retrogression anytime soon but it is something that we will start monitoring to inform you.

If you are eligible to file,  it is important for those who are eligible to prepare filing your I-485 package as soon as possible.  Please note you cannot file until October 1st and can file while the priority date remains current for you.  Good luck to those who can file!

We will report on the November 2014 visa bulletin when it is released. See below for future cut off dates information:

News re. upcoming visa availability:

D.  VISA AVAILABILITY IN THE COMING MONTHS

INDIA Employment-based Second Preference: Increased demand will require the retrogression of this cut-off date, possibly in November, to hold number use within the fiscal year 2015 annual limit.

October 2014 Visa Bulletin is Out!

The October 2014 Visa Bulletin was released today.  Here is a link. Usual commentary to follow shortly.

Unused Visas: To Recapture or Not to Recapture- That Is The Question

Please visit this link before reading the article as the comment from Attorney Roger Algase is important because he clarifies that more understanding is necessary in the article. The issue is complicated no doubt and it would be appreciated if anyone who can make the issue crystal clear should comment on this. 

http://discuss.ilw.com/content.php?3445-Article-Unused-Visas-To-Recapture-or-Not-to-Recapture-That-Is-The-Question-By-Tahmina-Watson

To help discern the issues, here is the first draft of my “Unused Visa chart V1” with all the relevant sections of the current law. The pieces of the puzzle have been laid down- now to put the picture together. Feel free to help.

First draft to understand where visas are not being used and need recapturing

First draft to understand where visas are not being used and need recapturing

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(The below article needs to be updated and will be updated soon). 

The Politico Newspaper broke a story earlier this week (which has since been repeated by many other news outlets including the Wall Street Journal)  that Obama met with various business officials to discuss employment-based immigration issues that can be addressed with executive action.  One of those issues was apparently to recapture unused visas.

That issue caught my eye as it has been on my research to-do list for a while.  The news reports prompted me to research the law as to whether the president has the authority to recapture such unused visas. My opinion is that the law already allows for it.

Here is what the Immigration Nationality Act says at § 206 (8 USC 1156):

If an immigrant having an immigrant visa is denied admission to the United States and removed, or does not apply for admission before the expiration of the validity of his visa, or if an alien having an immigrant visa issued to him as a preference immigrant is found not to be a preference immigrant, an immigrant visa or a preference immigrant visa, as the case may be, may be issued in lieu thereof to another qualified alien.

The law already allows the use of unused visa. So what is all the fuss about?

Each year 140,000 employment-based immigrant visas are issued. There is a complicated formula to calculate visa distribution.  The questions we should ask are these: (1)  In each fiscal year, do we have a record of how many visas were denied or otherwise not used? (2)  If so, do we know if they were reused within that particular fiscal year? Perhaps the Department of State can shed light on how many were unused from previous years.  Here is a report that lists number of visas issued.

From discerning all the complicated legal mumbo-jumbo from the statute,  the law basically says unused visas from the previous year will be added on to the current year of visa availability.  From what I can tell, unused visas are generally being put back in the pool.   While I cannot completely understand the numbers in the above linked reports, I believe the information should be available.  Reports from the Wall Street Journal and Politico discuss that 200,000 visas can be recaptured.  I would very much like to know how that number was determined (if anyone reading this article knows, then please do let me know!).

If indeed there were unused visas in past fiscal years that need recapturing, then do we even need a new law or executive order to recapture them? The law above in black and white clearly says they can be reused.

Therefore, in my opinion, unused visas- from years past,  can be reissued to other qualifying immigrants. No executive order necessary. Just understanding, implementation and execution.

I will continue my research and update this article in due course, if my research leads to more worthwhile information. But in the meantime, your question may be- why is this important?

The Backlog.  The visa backlog is one of the biggest problems our broken immigration system is encountering.  You may often hear the phrase  that people will have to go to the back of the ‘line’ to get their visas. There is no ‘line’ as such but the’ line’ refers to the waiting time to get a visa. People are waiting for years, sometimes, decades to get visas.  The employment-based preference categories have severe backlogs, particularly for China, India, Mexico and the Philippines.  Recapturing the unused visas will help reduce the backlog, help bring security and stability into peoples’ lives, which in turn will help businesses hire the right people, focus on growing their businesses and not worry about whether their employees will stay or leave the US.

Will the President include this in his list of executive orders? Well, I don’t think an executive order is necessary for the above reasons. But let’s imagine I missed something in my research and it does need an executive order. Will he include it in his list?  Hard to say.  If he is looking for maximum impact, this is definitely one way to make a big difference.  Politically, he is already in a challenging situation by all accounts- the GOP will take issue with whatever he does.  So, why not go for maximum impact and just go big?

**Copyright 2014 by Watson Immigration Law. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

September 2014 Visa Bulletin Commentary

The September 2014 visa bulletin was released today. Here is what my readers are looking for:

For all countries except India, China, Philippines, and Mexico:  F2A category advances a whole 8 months taking the priority date to 1 January 2013 (great news!). F2B preference advances 2 months with PD at 1 September 2007;  No change in F4 category leaving PD at 1 January 2002;  EB2 is current and, and EB3 sees no movement leaving to PD at 1 April 2011.

For India only:  F2A category advances a whole 8 months taking the priority date at 1 January 2013 (great news!). F2B preference advances 2 months with PD at 1 September 2007;  No change in F4 category leaving PD at 1 January 2002;  EB2 India sees about 4 months advancement taking PD to 1 May 2009 and EB3 sees no movement leaving priority date at 8 November 2003.

If you are eligible to file,  it is important for those who are eligible to prepare filing your I-485 package as soon as possible.  Please note you cannot file until September 1st and while the priority date remains current for you.  Good luck to those who can file!

We will report on the October 2014 visa bulletin when it is released. See below for future cut off dates information:

News re. upcoming visa availability:

D.  VISA AVAILABILITY IN THE COMING MONTHS

INDIA Employment-based Second Preference: The use of potentially “otherwise unused” Employment numbers prescribed by Section 202(a)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) has allowed the India Employment Second preference cut-off date to advance very rapidly in recent months. Continued forward movement of this cut-off date during the upcoming months cannot be guaranteed, however, and no assumptions should be made until the dates are formally announced. Once there is a significant increase in India Employment Second preference demand it will be necessary to retrogress the cut-off date, possibly as early as November, to hold number use within the fiscal year 2015 annual limit.

September 2014 Visa Bulletin Is Out

A few moments ago, the Dept. of State released the September 2014 visa bulletin.  Here is a link.  Please stay tuned for our usual commentary.

August 2014 Visa Bulletin Commentary

The August 2014 visa bulletin was released today. Here is what my readers are looking for:

For all countries except India, China, Philippines, and Mexico: No movement in F2A category leaving priority date at 1 May 2012, F2B preference advanced 60 days with PD at 1 July 2007;  F4 category advanced 8 days to PD at 1 January 200s;  EB2 is current and, and EB3 sees no movement leaving to PD at 1 April 2011.

For India only:  No movement in F2A category  leaving priority date at 1 May 2012, F2B preference advanced 60 days with PD at 1 July 2007;  F4 category advanced 8 days to PD at 1 January 2002;  EB India sees a 4 months and 21 days jump forward  taking PD to 22 January 2009 and EB3 sees some forward movement of 7 days taking us to priority date 8 November 2003.

With the jump forward for EB3 India, it is important for those who are eligible to prepare filing your I-485 package as soon as possible.  Please note you cannot file until August 1st and while the priority date remains current for you.  Good luck to those who can file!

We will report on the September 2014 visa bulletin when it is released. See below for future cut off dates information:

D.  VISA AVAILABILITY IN THE COMING MONTHS

The China-mainland born Employment Third and Third Other Workers cut-off dates have advanced for the month of August, and could do so again for September. There are two reasons for this advance after the retrogression of the cut-off date earlier this summer: 1) The heavy demand by applicants with priority dates significantly (years) earlier than the previous cut-off date has declined during the past two months, and 2) declining number use in the Family preferences during May and June, combined with updated estimates of such number use through the end of the fiscal year, has resulted in availability of several hundred numbers for use in the China-mainland born Employment Third preference.

During the past two months, the India Employment Second preference cut-off date has advanced very rapidly based on the projected availability of “otherwise unused” numbers under the worldwide preference limit. It must not be assumed that this cut-off date will continue to advance at the same pace during the coming months. A cut-off date does not mean that everyone with a priority date before such cut-off date has already been processed to conclusion. It remains to be seen how heavy the demand for visa numbers by applicants will be in the coming months, and what the priority dates of such applicants may be. Heavy demand by applicants with priority dates significantly earlier than the established cut-off date is expected to materialize within the next several months, at which time the cut-off date is likely to retrogress significantly.


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